Zooid size and growth rate of the bryozoan Cryptosula pallasiana Moll in relation to temperature, in culture and in its natural environment

Ann-Margret Amui-Vedel*, Peter J Hayward, Joanne S Porter

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    49 Citations (Scopus)


    The size of cheilostome bryozoan zooids has been widely discussed for its potential in inferring palaeotemperatures, based on correlations between zooid size and temperature. Studies in both the natural environment and under experimental laboratory conditions have shown that an increase in temperature significantly decreases zooid size in a range of bryozoan taxa. In order to test the effect of temperature on zooid size, the cheilostome bryozoan Cryptosula pallasiana was for the first time successfully cultured under laboratory conditions. C pallasiana was grown at 14 degrees C and 18 degrees C using Rhodomonas sp. as a food organism. Zooid size, tentacle number and growth rate were measured over a period of 26 days. For comparison, zooids from colonies of C. pallasiana collected from the natural environment were measured in winter and summer months. Results showed that colonies grown in laboratory culture had significantly longer and wider zooids at 14 degrees C than at 18 degrees C. The specific growth rate of C. pallasiana doubled from 14 degrees C to 18 degrees C. Comparison of tentacle number in culture showed a significantly higher value at lower temperatures. This may be related to differing food availability, longer polypide life spans, or a shift of energy use at colder temperatures. In nature the zooids were significantly longer in colonies sampled in July than in January, a clear difference from laboratory results. The utility of cheilostome Bryozoa as indicators of environmental change and their potential for studies of paleotemperature are highlighted. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-12
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2007


    • cell size
    • marine bryozoan
    • North Sea bryozoans
    • Electra pilosa
    • cryptosula
    • lateral cilia
    • Flustra foliacea bryozoa
    • Celleporella hyalina L
    • growth rate
    • Cheilostome bryozoans
    • colony growth
    • bryozoa
    • tentacle number
    • suspension
    • culture
    • zooid size


    Dive into the research topics of 'Zooid size and growth rate of the bryozoan Cryptosula pallasiana Moll in relation to temperature, in culture and in its natural environment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this