We demonstrate the dual advantages of graded photoabsorbers in mesoporous metal oxide-based hetero interfacial photoanodes in improving photogenerated charge carrier (e-/h+) separation for the solar light-driven water-oxidation process. The pre-deposition of sol-gel-derived, tungsten-doped bismuth vanadate (W:BiVO4) onto a primary BiVO4 water oxidation layer forms graded interfaces, which facilitate charge transfer from the primary photoabsorber to the charge transport layer, thereby superseding the thickness-controlled charge recombination at the BiVO4 water oxidation catalyst. As a result, the WO3/BiVO4 hetero photoanode containing the photoactive W:BiVO4 interfacial layer showed 130% higher photocurrent than that of the interfacial layer-free hetero photoelectrode owing to the enhanced charge separation led water oxidation process.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry