Wireless Sensor Networks for Underwater Localisation: A Survey

Sen Wang, Huosheng Hu

Research output: Working paper


Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) have widely deployed in marine investigation and ocean exploration in recent years. As the fundamental information, their position information is not only for data validity but also for many real-world applications. Therefore, it is critical for the AUV to have the underwater localization capability. This report is mainly devoted to outline the recent advancement of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) based underwater localization. Several classic architectures designed for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network (UASN) are briefly introduced. Acoustic propagation and channel models are described and several ranging techniques are then explained. Many state-of-the-art underwater localization algorithms are introduced, followed by the outline of some existing underwater localization systems.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationColchester
PublisherUniversity of Essex
Number of pages39
ISBN (Electronic)ISSN 1744-8050
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2012


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