### Abstract

In many application fields ranging from astrophysics and geophysics to neuroscience, computer vision, and computer graphics, data to be analyzed are defined as functions on the sphere. In all these situations, there are compelling rea- sons to design dedicated data analysis tools that are adapted to spherical geometry, for one cannot simply project the data in Euclidean geometry without having to deal with severe distortions. The wavelet transform has become a ubiquitous tool in signal processing mostly for its ability to exploit the multiscale nature of many data sets, and it is thus quite natural to generalize it to signals on the sphere. This generalization is not trivial, for the main ingredient of the wavelet theory, dilation, is not well defined on the sphere. Moreover, when turning to algorithms, one faces the problem that sampling data on the sphere is not an easy task either. In this chapter, we discuss recently developed results for the analysis and reconstruction of sig- nals on the sphere with wavelets, on the grounds of theory, implementation, and applications.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Four Short Courses in Harmonic Analysis |

Editors | Peter Massoput, Brigit Forster-Heinlein |

Place of Publication | Boston |

Publisher | Birkhäuser |

Pages | 131-174 |

Number of pages | 44 |

ISBN (Print) | 978-0-8176-4890-9 |

Publication status | Published - 2010 |

### Publication series

Name | Applied and Numerical Harmonic Analysis |
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ISSN (Print) | 2296-5009 |

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## Cite this

Vandergheynst, P., & Wiaux, Y. (2010). Wavelets on the sphere. In P. Massoput, & B. Forster-Heinlein (Eds.),

*Four Short Courses in Harmonic Analysis*(pp. 131-174). (Applied and Numerical Harmonic Analysis). Birkhäuser.