Wave load on submerged quarter-circular and semicircular breakwaters under irregular waves

Xue Lian Jiang, Qing Ping Zou*, Na Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)
187 Downloads (Pure)


Laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the characteristics of wave loading on submerged circular-front breakwaters due to irregular waves. The wave force spectrum for a semicircular breakwater is similar to that for a quarter-circular breakwater. The dimensionless peak wave force for irregular waves is less than that for regular waves. The performance of our theoretical wave load model is improved significantly by incorporating the effect of wave transmission and flow separation. A RANS-VOF model was used to investigate the effect of local hydrodynamic disturbances by submerged breakwaters on the pressure distribution around the breakwater and total wave load. The numerical results reveal that wave-induced vortices at the structure have a substantial influence on the wave loading on the submerged quarter-circular breakwater but not on the semicircular breakwater. A parametric analysis is required to further improve the relationship between wave loads and the vortices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-277
Number of pages13
JournalCoastal Engineering
Early online date30 Jan 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017


  • Irregular waves
  • Pressure
  • Submerged circular-front breakwaters
  • Vorticity
  • Wave load model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering


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