This paper provides a summary of information on sea water for those engineers who have little experience of water quality but find themselves interested or involved with mariculture. As well as considering the natural environment, changes which occur on removal of sea water to a land-based facility are included. In order that the design engineer can appreciate the importance of maintaining water quality, environmental factors affecting fish are considered in sufficient detail for most of the problems to become apparent. Reference is made to freshwater fish where appropriate and where examples of marine species are lacking. It is to be hoped that a great deal of new work will be forthcoming in the area of water quality criteria for mariculture in the near future. This paper will serve to highlight many of the areas still requiring research before mariculture systems can be operated close to maximum efficiency. Until this information becomes available, the only sensible course for engineers to take is to design systems with maximum flexibility and considerable safety margins with respect to fish loading and production. © 1982.
|Number of pages||39|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1982|