Wafer-level packaging of silicon to glass with a BCB intermediate layer using localised laser heating

N. Lorenz, M. D. Smith, D. P. Hand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Adhesive wafer-level bonding is an excellent solution to meet the stringent requirements in micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) packaging, one of the challenges in MEMS manufacturing, in a steadily growing micro-systems market. A range of bonding processes for commercially available substrate bonders have been developed, which apply global heating during the bonding procedure. This article, however, describes an approach where heating is kept to a minimum by combining the merits of laser joining, a truly localised heating technique, and adhesive wafer-level bonding. This unique bonding technique, which enables the use of temperature-sensitive materials within the package, is demonstrated for bonding of silicon to glass - materials commonly used in MEMS fabrication - with a benzocyclobutene (BCB) intermediate bonding layer. As a proof of concept for wafer-level packaging, bonding of two simplified patterns is demonstrated, one with five individual samples on the same wafer, and the other with nine samples. To verify the influence of this innovative bonding technique on the quality of the seal the devices are shear force tested and the results are compared with those of devices packaged at chip-level. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2257-2262
Number of pages6
JournalMicroelectronics Reliability
Issue number12
Early online date30 Apr 2011
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011


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