Visuospatial bootstrapping: aging and the facilitation of verbal memory by spatial displays.

Clara Calia, Stephen Darling, Richard Allen, Jelena Havelka

Abstract

Recent studies on verbal immediate serial recall show evidence of the integration of information from verbal and
visuospatial short-term memory with long-term memory representations. Verbal serial recall is improved when the
information is arranged in a familiar spatially distributed pattern, such as a telephone keypad. This pattern, termed
visuospatial bootstrapping, is consistent with the existence within working memory of an episodic buffer (Baddeley, 2000).
The present experiment aimed to investigate whether similar results would be obtained in a sample of older adults. Older
(55–76) and younger (19 –35) adults carried out visual serial recall in 3 visual display conditions that have previously been
used to demonstrate visuospatial bootstrapping. Results demonstrated better performance when digits were presented in a
typical telephone keypad display. Although digit serial recall declined with age, there was no evidence that this visuospatial
bootstrapping effect differed in size between older and younger adults. Theoretical and practical implications of these
results are described.
Original languageEnglish
JournalArchives of Scientific Psychology
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Fingerprint

memory
Short-Term Memory
Spatial Memory
bootstrapping
Telephone
telephone
adult
information
Long-Term Memory
Young Adult
Buffers
young adult
aging
representation
experiment
age
sample
performance
effect
facilitation

Keywords

  • working memory
  • binding,
  • episodic buffer
  • aging,
  • visuospatial bootstrapping

Cite this

Calia, Clara; Darling, Stephen ; Allen, Richard ; Havelka, Jelena / Visuospatial bootstrapping: aging and the facilitation of verbal memory by spatial displays.

In: Archives of Scientific Psychology, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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author = "Clara Calia and Stephen Darling and Richard Allen and Jelena Havelka",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1037/arc0000019",
journal = "Archives of Scientific Psychology",
issn = "2169-3269",

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Visuospatial bootstrapping: aging and the facilitation of verbal memory by spatial displays. / Calia, Clara; Darling, Stephen ; Allen, Richard ; Havelka, Jelena.

In: Archives of Scientific Psychology, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Visuospatial bootstrapping: aging and the facilitation of verbal memory by spatial displays.

AU - Calia,Clara

AU - Darling,Stephen

AU - Allen,Richard

AU - Havelka,Jelena

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AB - Recent studies on verbal immediate serial recall show evidence of the integration of information from verbal andvisuospatial short-term memory with long-term memory representations. Verbal serial recall is improved when theinformation is arranged in a familiar spatially distributed pattern, such as a telephone keypad. This pattern, termedvisuospatial bootstrapping, is consistent with the existence within working memory of an episodic buffer (Baddeley, 2000).The present experiment aimed to investigate whether similar results would be obtained in a sample of older adults. Older(55–76) and younger (19 –35) adults carried out visual serial recall in 3 visual display conditions that have previously beenused to demonstrate visuospatial bootstrapping. Results demonstrated better performance when digits were presented in atypical telephone keypad display. Although digit serial recall declined with age, there was no evidence that this visuospatialbootstrapping effect differed in size between older and younger adults. Theoretical and practical implications of theseresults are described.

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KW - binding,

KW - episodic buffer

KW - aging,

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JO - Archives of Scientific Psychology

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