Vibronic coupling effects on the structure and spectroscopy of neutral and charged TiO2 clusters

Daniel J. Taylor, Martin J. Paterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a detailed computational study of the structure of small (TiO2)(n) nanoclusters including neutral closed-shell, radical cation, and radical anion species. We show that the geometries can be rationalised in terms of the pseudo-Jahn-Teller effect. A variety of methods are employed including CASSCF, DFT (and TD-DFT), EOM-CCSD, and Bruekner doubles (BD). The CASSCF method uses symmetry restrictions on analytical Hessians and can be seen as benchmark results for the smallest systems. Using these for calibration we then show that in general the B3LYP functional in conjunction with a reasonably large all electron basis is reasonably accurate, and in conjunction with TD-B3LYP can give a qualitative picture of the underlying pseudo-Jahn-Teller vibronic coupling effects. We do however show that artificial symmetry breaking does occur for some radical clusters, and that different DFT functionals unfortunately display this in a non-systematic manner. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Physics
Volume408
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2012

Keywords

  • ELECTRONIC-STRUCTURE
  • Vibronic coupling
  • CONICAL INTERSECTIONS
  • JAHN-TELLER
  • BAND-GAP
  • BASIS-SETS
  • DENSITY-FUNCTIONAL THEORY
  • (TIO2)(N) N=1-4
  • Pseudo-Jahn-Teller effect
  • TITANIUM-OXIDE CLUSTERS
  • Symmetry-breaking
  • Electronic structure
  • STABILITY
  • DIOXIDE NANOMATERIALS
  • Titanium dioxide clusters

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