VHDL-AMS modelling and simulation of a planar electrostatic micromotor

A. Endemaño, J. Y. Fourniols, H. Camon, A. Marchese, S. Muratet, F. Bony, M. Dunnigan, M. P Y Desmulliez, G. Overton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


System level simulation results of a planar electrostatic micromotor, based on analytical models of the static and dynamic torque behaviours, are presented. A planar variable capacitance (VC) electrostatic micromotor designed, fabricated and tested at LAAS (Toulouse) in 1995 is simulated using the high level language VHDL-AMS (VHSIC (very high speed integrated circuits) hardware description language-analog mixed signal). The analytical torque model is obtained by first calculating the overlaps and capacitances between different electrodes based on a conformal mapping transformation. Capacitance values in the order of 10-16 F and torque values in the order of 10-11 N m have been calculated in agreement with previous measurements and simulations from this type of motor. A dynamic model has been developed for the motor by calculating the inertia coefficient and estimating the friction-coefficient-based values calculated previously for other similar devices. Starting voltage results obtained from experimental measurement are in good agreement with our proposed simulation model. Simulation results of starting voltage values, step response, switching response and continuous operation of the micromotor, based on the dynamic model of the torque, are also presented. Four VHDL-AMS blocks were created, validated and simulated for power supply, excitation control, micromotor torque creation and micromotor dynamics. These blocks can be considered as the initial phase towards the creation of intellectual property (IP) blocks for microsystems in general and electrostatic micromotors in particular.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)580-590
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2003


Dive into the research topics of 'VHDL-AMS modelling and simulation of a planar electrostatic micromotor'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this