Velocity map imaging the dynamics of the reactions of Cl atoms with neopentane and tetramethylsilane

Rebecca A. Rose, Stuart J. Greaves, Andrew J. Orr-Ewing

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Abstract

The reactions of ground state Cl(P-2(3/2)) atoms with neopentane and tetramethylsilane have been studied at collision energies of 7.9 +/- 2.0 and 8.2 +/- 2.0 kcal mol(-1), respectively. The nascent HCl(v= 0, J) products were probed using resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization spectroscopy combined with velocity map imaging (VMI) to determine the rotational level population distributions, differential cross sections (DCSs), and product translational energy distributions. The outcomes from PHOTOLOC and dual beam methods are compared and are discussed in light of previous studies of the reactions of Cl atoms with other saturated hydrocarbons, including a recent crossed molecular beam and VMI investigation of the reaction of Cl atoms with neopentane [Estillore et al., J. Chem. Phys. 132, 164313 (2010)]. Rotational distributions were observed to be cold, consistent with the reactions proceeding via a transition state with a collinear Cl-H-C moiety. The DCSs for both reactions are forward peaked but show scatter across a broad angular range. Interpretation using a model based on linear dependence of scattering angle on impact parameter indicates that the probability of reaction is approximately constant across all allowed impact parameters. Product translational energy distributions from dual beam experiments have mean values, expressed as fractions of the total available energy, of 0.67 (Cl+ neopentane) and 0.64 (Cl+ tetramethylsilane) that are consistent with a kinematic model for the reaction in which the translational energy of the reactants is conserved into product translational energy. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3447378]

Original languageEnglish
Article number244312
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume132
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2010

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