Vaginal administration of contraceptives

Esmat Jalalvandi*, Hafez Jafari, Christiani A. Amorim, Denise Freitas Siqueira Petri, Lei Nie, Amin Shavandi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
22 Downloads (Pure)


While contraceptive drugs have enabled many people to decide when they want to have a baby, more than 100 million unintended pregnancies each year in the world may indicate the contraceptive requirement of many people has not been well addressed yet. The vagina is a well-established and practical route for the delivery of various pharmacological molecules, including contraceptives. This review aims to present an overview of different contraceptive methods focusing on the vaginal route of delivery for contraceptives, including current developments, discussing the potentials and limitations of the modern methods, designs, and how well each method performs for delivering the contraceptives and preventing pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3
JournalScientia Pharmaceutica
Issue number1
Early online date25 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021


  • Contraceptives
  • Vaginal drug delivery
  • Vaginal rings
  • Vaginal spermicides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science


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