Using Synthetic Production Data from an Open Source Carbonate Reservoir Model to Improve our Understanding of Flow Behaviour

Jorge Costa Gomes, Sebastian Geiger, Daniel Arnold

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


This work presents a new open access carbonate reservoir case study that uniquely considers the majoruncertainties inherent to carbonate reservoirs using one of the most prolific aggradational parasequencecarbonate formation sets in the U.A.E., the Upper Kharaib Member (Early Cretaceous), as an analogue. Theensemble considers a range of interpretational scenarios and geomodelling techniques to capture the maincomponents of its reservoir architecture, stratal geometries, facies, pore systems, diagenetic overprints andwettability variations across its shelf-To-basin profile. Fully anonymized data from 43 wells across 22 fields in the Bab Basin in the U.A.E from different geo-depositional settings and height above the free water level (FWL) was used. The data comprises of a fullsuite of open-hole logs and core data which has been anonymized, rescaled, repositioned and structurallydeformed; FWLs were normalized and the entire model was placed in a unique coordinate system. Theresultant static and dynamic models(s) capture the geological setting and reservoir heterogeneities ofselected fields but now at a manageable scale. Synthetic production data has been generated by adding wellsto an undisclosed -truth case- model to obtain field-wide and well-by-well production data (oil, gas, andwater rates, bottom-hole pressures etc.) from simulation runs. The original oil in place (OOIP) and reserves that have been computed from these models are syntheticand unique. Here we present an initial field development plan and corresponding reservoir simulations thatshowcase the heterogeneity inherent to the model and demonstrate the variability of the flow and storagecapacity of the different reservoir architectures found in and around the Bab Basin. This is an exampleapplication of how we can use synthetic production data to improve our understanding of flow behavioursin carbonates. The novelty of our work is the provision of a unique open access dataset which enables reproduciblescience in the field of reservoir characterisation and simulation, and helps training new generations ofgeoscientists and reservoir engineers in the art of characterising, simulating and predicting the reservoirperformance of carbonate reservoirs under different recovery processes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSPE Europec Featured at 82nd EAGE Conference and Exhibition
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9781613997123
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventSPE Europec Featured at 82nd EAGE Conference and Exhibition - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 8 Dec 202011 Dec 2020


ConferenceSPE Europec Featured at 82nd EAGE Conference and Exhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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