### Abstract

The geometric average is often used to estimate the effective (large-scale) permeability from smaller-scale samples. In doing so, one assumes that the geometric average is a good estimator of the geometric mean. Problems with this estimator arise, however, when one or more of the samples has a very low value. The estimate obtained becomes very sensitive to the small values in the sample set, while the true effective permeability may be only weakly dependent on these small values. Several alternative methods of estimating the geometric mean are suggested. In particular, a more robust estimator of the geometric mean, the j^{th} Winsorized mean, is proposed and several of its properties are compared with those of the geometric average. © 1991 International Association for Mathematical Geology.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 833-840 |

Number of pages | 8 |

Journal | Mathematical Geology |

Volume | 23 |

Issue number | 6 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Jul 1991 |

### Keywords

- geometric average
- geometric mean
- jth Winsorized mean
- permeability
- robust estimation

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## Cite this

*Mathematical Geology*,

*23*(6), 833-840. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02068778