Use of garlic, Allium sativum, to control Aeromonas hydrophila infection in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum)

E. J. Nya, B. Austin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    161 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Garlc, Allium sativum, which was fed at 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5 and 1.0 g per 100 g of feed for 14 days to rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), led to control of experimental infection with Aeromonas hydrophila. At doses of 0.5 and 1.0 g garlic per 100 g of feed, there was a reduction in mortalities to 4% compared with the controls (88%). Moreover, there was a significant increase in growth, feed conversion and protein efficiency. There was stimulation of the number of erythrocytes and leucocytes, a significantly higher haematocrit, enhancement of phagocytic activity, respiratory burst, lysozyme, anti-protease and bactericidal activities following feeding with garlic. © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)963-970
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Fish Diseases
    Volume32
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009

    Keywords

    • Aeromonas hydrophila
    • Allium sativum
    • Garlic
    • Immunostimulant
    • Non-specific immune response
    • Rainbow trout

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