Urinary biomarker concentrations of captan, chlormequat, chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin in UK adults and children living near agricultural land

Karen S. Galea, Laura MacCalman, Kate Jones, John Cocker, Paul Teedon, John W. Cherrie, Martie Van Tongeren

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    17 Citations (Scopus)
    52 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    There is limited information on the exposure to pesticides experienced by UK residents living near agricultural land. This study aimed to investigate their pesticide exposure in relation to spray events. Farmers treating crops with captan, chlormequat, chlorpyrifos or cypermethrin provided spray event information. Adults and children residing ≤100 m from sprayed fields provided first-morning void urine samples during and outwith the spray season. Selected samples (1-2 days after a spray event and at other times (background samples)) were analysed and creatinine adjusted. Generalised Linear Mixed Models were used to investigate if urinary biomarkers of these pesticides were elevated after spray events. The final data set for statistical analysis contained 1518 urine samples from 140 participants, consisting of 523 spray event and 995 background samples which were analysed for pesticide urinary biomarkers. For captan and cypermethrin, the proportion of values below the limit of detection was greater than 80%, with no difference between spray event and background samples. For chlormequat and chlorpyrifos, the geometric mean urinary biomarker concentrations following spray events were 15.4 μg/g creatinine and 2.5 μg/g creatinine, respectively, compared with 16.5 μg/g creatinine and 3.0 μg/g creatinine for background samples within the spraying season. Outwith the spraying season, concentrations for chlorpyrifos were the same as those within spraying season backgrounds, but for chlormequat, lower concentrations were observed outwith the spraying season (12.3 μg/g creatinine). Overall, we observed no evidence indicative of additional urinary pesticide biomarker excretion as a result of spray events, suggesting that sources other than local spraying are responsible for the relatively low urinary pesticide biomarkers detected in the study population.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)623-631
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology
    Volume25
    Issue number6
    Early online date16 Sep 2015
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015

    Keywords

    • exposure
    • pesticides
    • residents

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pollution
    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
    • Toxicology
    • Epidemiology

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