Understanding comfort in homes designed on principles of Vaastushastra

Malini Karani*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Vaastushastra is an ancient vernacular architectural practice that has been utilized by Indians since the Indus civilization. This paper examines comfort levels in homes designed using these principles and are built in Dubai. Some of these principles are similar to passive design theories and the correlation can be understood by examining the former. The correlation of Vaastushastra to passive design could be the underlying cause for users' comfort in homes that are designed on these principles. The paper investigates the connection between the principles of Vaastushastra and users' comfort in residential spaces. The core aspects of Vaastushastra are, Panch Maha Bhutas (5 elements) and Vaastu Purush Mandala (Cosmic Grid). The Panch Maha Bhutas are earth, fire, water, wind and space, which represent the elements of nature. Users' comfort in residential spaces is linked to four of the five senses, with taste being the exception. Homes in Dubai that are built on the principles of Vaastushastra were used to show the connection between the two theories. The result of the study shows the impact that each of these principles have on the residents' comfort and how the design of the house could be modified to improve comfort.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRevisiting the Role of Architecture for Surviving Development
EditorsAvlokita Agrawal, Rajat Gupta
PublisherArchitectural Science Association
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780992383565
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event53rd International Conference of the Architectural Science Association 2019 - Roorkee, India
Duration: 28 Nov 201930 Nov 2019


Conference53rd International Conference of the Architectural Science Association 2019
Abbreviated titleANZAScA 2019


  • Comfort
  • Dubai
  • Homes
  • Vaastushastra

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Urban Studies


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