Ultrashort laser pulse filamentation with Airy and Bessel beams

A. Couairon, A. Lotti, P. Panagiotopoulos, D. Abdollahpour, D. Faccio, D. G. Papazoglou, S. Tzortzakis, F. Courvoisier, J. M. Dudley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the nonlinear propagation of intense Bessel and Airy beams forming filaments in transparent media. We identify two propagation regimes separated by the relative importance of multiphoton absorption and self-focusing of the main Bessel or Airy lobe, due to the Kerr effect. We show that intense Bessel or Airy beams are reshaped into stationary nonlinear beams whose propagation is sustained by a continuous energy ux to the main lobe from its neighbors. The stationary propagation regime is obtained for Bessel cone angles exceeding a certain threshold, by focusing a Gaussian beam of suficient power with an axicon. With respect to linear Bessel beams, stationnary nonlinear Bessel beams exhibit ring compression and attenuation of contrast. For small cone angles, the nonlinear Bessel beams become unstable leading to an unsteady propagation regime. We demonstrate similar physics for intense Airy beam freely propagating in a Kerr medium: stationary nonlinear Airy beams are demonstrated in a planar geometry. These beams preserve the intensity profile and the transverse acceleration of the Airy peak. For powers in the main Airy lobe exceeding a certain threshold, this stationary propagation regime becomes unstable. In the 2-dimensional case, Airy beams with high powers in the main lobe reshape into a multifilamentary pattern induced by Kerr and multiphoton nonlinearities. The nucleation of new filaments and their interaction, affects the acceleration of the main Airy lobes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume8770
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jul 2013
Event17th International School on Quantum Electronics: Laser Physics and Applications - Nessebar, United Kingdom
Duration: 24 Sep 201228 Sep 2012

Conference

Conference17th International School on Quantum Electronics: Laser Physics and Applications
Abbreviated titleISQE 2012
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityNessebar
Period24/09/1228/09/12

Keywords

  • Airy beams
  • Bessel beams
  • Nonlinear propagation
  • Ultrashort laser pulse filamentation

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