Ultrafast laser inscription of mid-IR directional couplers for stellar interferometry

Alexander Arriola, Sebabrata Mukherjee, Debaditya Choudhury, Lucas Labadie, Robert R Thomson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)
79 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

We report the ultrafast laser fabrication and mid-IR characterization (3.39 μm) of four-port evanescent field directional couplers. The couplers were fabricated in a commercial gallium lanthanum sulfide glass substrate using sub-picosecond laser pulses of 1030 nm light. Straight waveguides inscribed using optimal fabrication parameters were found to exhibit propagation losses of ∼0.8  dB⋅cm−1. A series of couplers were inscribed with different interaction lengths, and we demonstrate power-splitting ratios of between 8% and 99% for mid-IR light with a wavelength of 3.39 μm. These results clearly demonstrate that ultrafast laser inscription can be used to fabricate high-quality evanescent field couplers for future applications in astronomical interferometry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4820-4822
Number of pages2
JournalOptics Letters
Volume39
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2014

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