We report the ultrafast laser fabrication and mid-IR characterization (3.39 μm) of four-port evanescent field directional couplers. The couplers were fabricated in a commercial gallium lanthanum sulfide glass substrate using sub-picosecond laser pulses of 1030 nm light. Straight waveguides inscribed using optimal fabrication parameters were found to exhibit propagation losses of ∼0.8 dB⋅cm−1. A series of couplers were inscribed with different interaction lengths, and we demonstrate power-splitting ratios of between 8% and 99% for mid-IR light with a wavelength of 3.39 μm. These results clearly demonstrate that ultrafast laser inscription can be used to fabricate high-quality evanescent field couplers for future applications in astronomical interferometry.
Arriola, A., Mukherjee, S., Choudhury, D., Labadie, L., & Thomson, R. R. (2014). Ultrafast laser inscription of mid-IR directional couplers for stellar interferometry. Optics Letters, 39(16), 4820-4822. https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.39.004820