Ultra-fast imaging with optical encoding and compressive sensing

Amir Matin, Bo Dai, Yu Huang, Xu Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Serial time-encoded amplified microscopy (STEAM) is an emerging technology which enables an ultra-fast phenomena to be captured at Ghz frame rate. The trade-off between high frame rate and high scanning resolution remains a problem where the maximum frame rate is limited by the sampling rate of the digitizer and the temporal dispersion in the fiber to avoid data blending. In this paper, we address these limitations using state-of-the-art optimization algorithms under compressive sensing framework and establish the data acquisition model based on our proposed experimental setup by considering the effect of individual optical components such as laser spectral profile, encoding mask patterns, dispersion of the fiber and optical noise in the system. We introduce two methods of alternating direction method of multipliers with total variation regularization (ADMM-TV) and discrete wavelet hard thresholding (DWT-Hrd) for STEAM based imaging systems. Our results demonstrate that a 10GHz frame rate can be achieved compared to the conventional 1GHz microscopy imaging system while maintaining high image reconstruction quality in terms of structural similarity index measurement (SSIM). It is shown that among the two proposed optimization algorithms, ADMM-TV outperforms DWT-Hrd by 20% in SSIM measurements. Finally, it is shown that having 70-80% light transmission through the mask reveals the optimum results in terms of reconstruction quality.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Early online date12 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • compressive sensing
  • Dispersion
  • Encoding
  • fiber optics imaging
  • optical encoding
  • Optical imaging
  • Optical pulses
  • Optical sensors
  • optimization algorithms
  • Spatial resolution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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