Tuning biexciton binding and antibinding in core/shell quantum dots

Peter G. McDonald, Edward J. Tyrrell, John Shumway, Jason M. Smith, Ian Galbraith

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Abstract

We use a path integral quantum Monte Carlo method to simulate excitons and biexcitons in core/shell nanocrystals with Type-I, Type-II, and quasi-Type-II band alignments. Quantum Monte Carlo techniques allow for all quantum correlations to be included when determining the thermal ground state, thus producing accurate predictions of biexciton binding. These subtle quantum correlations are found to cause the biexciton to be binding with Type-I carrier localization and strongly antibinding with Type-II carrier localization, in agreement with experiment for both core/shell nanocrystals and dot in rod nanocrystal structures. Simple treatments based on perturbative approaches are shown to miss this important transition in the biexciton binding. Understanding these correlations offers prospects to engineer strong biexciton antibinding, which is crucial to the design of nanocrystals for single-exciton lasing applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125310
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume86
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2012

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