Truly noiseless probabilistic amplification

Vedran Dunjko, Erika Andersson

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Abstract

Most of the schemes for "noiseless" amplification of coherent states, which have recently been attracting theoretical and experimental interest, share a common trait: The amplification is not truly noiseless, or perfect, for nonzero success probability. While this must hold true for all phase-independent amplification schemes, in this work we point out that truly noiseless amplification is indeed possible, provided that the states which we wish to amplify come from a finite set. Perfect amplification with unlimited average gain is then possible with finite success probability, for example, using techniques for unambiguously distinguishing between quantum states. Such realizations require only linear optics, no single-photon sources, and no photon counting. We also investigate the optimal success probability of perfect amplification of a symmetric set of coherent states. There are two regimes: low-amplitude amplification, where the target amplitude is below one, and general amplification. For the low-amplitude regime, analytic results for the optimal amplification success probabilities can be obtained. In this case a natural bound imposed by the ratio of success probabilities of optimal unambiguous discrimination of the source and amplified states can always be reached. We also show that for general amplification this bound cannot always be satisfied.

Original languageEnglish
Article number042322
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume86
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2012

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