TRFLP analysis reveals that fungi rather than bacteria are associated with premature yeast flocculation in brewing

Mandeep Kaur, J.P. Bowman, Doug C Stewart, M. Sheehy, A. Janusz, R. Alex Speers, A. Koutoulis, D.E. Evans

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    14 Citations (Scopus)


    Premature yeast flocculation (PYF) is a sporadic fermentation problem in the brewing industry that results in incomplete yeast utilization of fermentable sugars in wort. Culture-independent, PCR-based fingerprinting techniques were applied in this study to identify the associations between the occurrence of the PYF problem during brewery fermentation with barley malt-associated microbial
    communities (both bacteria and fungi). Striking differences in the microbial DNA fingerprint patterns for fungi between PYF positive (PYF ?ve) and negative
    (PYF -ve) barley malts were observed using the terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (TRFLP) technique. The presence of terminal restriction fragments (TRFs) of 360–460 bp size range, for fungal HaeIII restriction enzyme-derived TRFLP profiles appeared to vary substantially between PYF ?ve and PYF -ve samples. The source of the barley malt did not influence the fungal taxa implicated in PYF. TRFLP analysis indicates bacterial taxa are unlikely to be important in causing PYF. Virtual digestion of fungal sequences tentatively linked
    HaeIII TRFs in the 360–460 bp size range to a diverse range of yeast/yeast-like species. Findings from this study suggest that direct monitoring of barley malt samples using molecular methods could potentially be an efficient and viable alternative for monitoring PYF during brewery fermentations.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1821-1832
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


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