Transverse optical patterns for ultra-low-light-level all-optical switching

A. M C Dawes, Daniel J. Gauthier, Stefan Schumacher, N. H. Kwong, R. Binder, Arthur L. Smirl

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

Abstract

We review recent theoretical and experimental efforts toward developing an all-optical switch based on transverse optical patterns. Transverse optical patterns are formed when counterpropagating laser beams interact with a nonlinear medium. A perturbation, in the form of a weak switch beam injected into the nonlinear medium, controls the orientation of the generated patterns. Each state of the pattern orientation is associated with a state of the switch. That is, information is stored in the orientation state. A realization of this switch using a warm rubidium vapor shows that it can be actuated by as few as 600±40 photons with a response time of 5µs. Models of non-linear optical interactions in semiconductor quantum wells and microresonators suggest these systems are also suitable for use as fast all-optical switches using this same conceptual design, albeit at higher switching powers. © 2010 by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-243
Number of pages23
JournalLaser and Photonics Reviews
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

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optical switching
switches
rubidium
quantum wells
laser beams
vapors
perturbation
photons
interactions

Keywords

  • All-optical
  • Counterpropagating
  • Excitons
  • Nonlinear
  • Polaritons
  • Switching
  • Transverse

Cite this

Dawes, A. M. C., Gauthier, D. J., Schumacher, S., Kwong, N. H., Binder, R., & Smirl, A. L. (2010). Transverse optical patterns for ultra-low-light-level all-optical switching. Laser and Photonics Reviews, 4(2), 221-243. https://doi.org/10.1002/lpor.200810067
Dawes, A. M C ; Gauthier, Daniel J. ; Schumacher, Stefan ; Kwong, N. H. ; Binder, R. ; Smirl, Arthur L. / Transverse optical patterns for ultra-low-light-level all-optical switching. In: Laser and Photonics Reviews. 2010 ; Vol. 4, No. 2. pp. 221-243.
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Dawes, AMC, Gauthier, DJ, Schumacher, S, Kwong, NH, Binder, R & Smirl, AL 2010, 'Transverse optical patterns for ultra-low-light-level all-optical switching', Laser and Photonics Reviews, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 221-243. https://doi.org/10.1002/lpor.200810067

Transverse optical patterns for ultra-low-light-level all-optical switching. / Dawes, A. M C; Gauthier, Daniel J.; Schumacher, Stefan; Kwong, N. H.; Binder, R.; Smirl, Arthur L.

In: Laser and Photonics Reviews, Vol. 4, No. 2, 02.2010, p. 221-243.

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transverse optical patterns for ultra-low-light-level all-optical switching

AU - Dawes, A. M C

AU - Gauthier, Daniel J.

AU - Schumacher, Stefan

AU - Kwong, N. H.

AU - Binder, R.

AU - Smirl, Arthur L.

PY - 2010/2

Y1 - 2010/2

N2 - We review recent theoretical and experimental efforts toward developing an all-optical switch based on transverse optical patterns. Transverse optical patterns are formed when counterpropagating laser beams interact with a nonlinear medium. A perturbation, in the form of a weak switch beam injected into the nonlinear medium, controls the orientation of the generated patterns. Each state of the pattern orientation is associated with a state of the switch. That is, information is stored in the orientation state. A realization of this switch using a warm rubidium vapor shows that it can be actuated by as few as 600±40 photons with a response time of 5µs. Models of non-linear optical interactions in semiconductor quantum wells and microresonators suggest these systems are also suitable for use as fast all-optical switches using this same conceptual design, albeit at higher switching powers. © 2010 by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

AB - We review recent theoretical and experimental efforts toward developing an all-optical switch based on transverse optical patterns. Transverse optical patterns are formed when counterpropagating laser beams interact with a nonlinear medium. A perturbation, in the form of a weak switch beam injected into the nonlinear medium, controls the orientation of the generated patterns. Each state of the pattern orientation is associated with a state of the switch. That is, information is stored in the orientation state. A realization of this switch using a warm rubidium vapor shows that it can be actuated by as few as 600±40 photons with a response time of 5µs. Models of non-linear optical interactions in semiconductor quantum wells and microresonators suggest these systems are also suitable for use as fast all-optical switches using this same conceptual design, albeit at higher switching powers. © 2010 by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

KW - All-optical

KW - Counterpropagating

KW - Excitons

KW - Nonlinear

KW - Polaritons

KW - Switching

KW - Transverse

U2 - 10.1002/lpor.200810067

DO - 10.1002/lpor.200810067

M3 - Literature review

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Dawes AMC, Gauthier DJ, Schumacher S, Kwong NH, Binder R, Smirl AL. Transverse optical patterns for ultra-low-light-level all-optical switching. Laser and Photonics Reviews. 2010 Feb;4(2):221-243. https://doi.org/10.1002/lpor.200810067