Translation and validation of body image instruments: An addendum to Swami and Barron (2019) in the form of frequently asked questions

Viren Swami, Jennifer Todd, David Barron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Test adaptation - the translation and validation of source instruments for use in new social identity groups - plays a vital role in body image research. Previously, Swami and Barron (2019) developed a set of good practice recommendations and reporting guidelines for the test adaptation of body image instruments. However, a number of issues in that article were not covered in depth and new issues have emerged as a result of developments in theory and practice. Here, we offer an addendum to Swami and Barron in the form of frequently asked questions. Issues discussed in this article include various methods for achieving good translations, the appropriateness of revising instrument components prior to empirical analyses, determining the number of factors to extract in exploratory factor analyses (EFA), and the usefulness of EFA versus confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) in determining factorial validity. We also cover methods of analyses that have been infrequently utilised by body image scholars, including exploratory structural equation modelling (ESEM), bifactor model analyses, and various methods for establish measurement invariance. When read as an addendum to Swami and Barron, we hope this article helps to clarify issues of importance for body image researchers interested in conducting test adaptation work.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-224
Number of pages11
JournalBody Image
Volume37
Early online date13 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Body Image/psychology
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Humans
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Translations

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