|Title of host publication||The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|
Translation and interpreting are deeply interconnected with bilingualism. Without high degrees of bilingualism, neither translation nor interpreting is feasible. This does not mean, however, that either translation or interpreting is a by-product of bilingualism. Rather it means that high attainment in bilingualism is a precondition for highly proficient translation/interpreting. The relationship between language ability, types of bilingualism, and translation/interpreting performance has not been sufficiently researched.