Transformations and destruction of nitrogen oxides—NO, NO2 and N2O—in a pulsed corona discharge reactor

Xudong Hu, Ji-Jun Zhang, Suresh Mukhnahallipatna, Jerry Hamann, Mark J. Biggs, Pradeep Agarwal

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58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There has been an increasing recent research interest in the removal of NOx from combustion gases using electrical discharges, especially pulsed corona discharge reactors. The major issues in development of this technology are (a) the energy consumption required to achieve the desired pollutant reduction; and (b) the formation of undesirable byproducts. In this study, the transformations and destruction of nitrogen oxides - NO, NO2 and N2O - were investigated in a pulsed corona discharge reactor. Gas mixtures - NO in N2, N2O in N2, NO2 in N2 and NO-N2O-NO2 in N2 - were allowed to flow through the reactor with initial concentrations, flow rates and energy input as operating variables. The reactor effluent gas stream was analyzed for N2O, NO, NO2, by means of an FTIR spectrometer. In some experiments, oxygen was measured using a gas chromatograph. Reaction mechanisms were proposed for the transformations and destruction of the different nitrogen oxides within a unified model structure. The corresponding reaction rates were integrated into a simple reactor model for the pulsed corona discharge reactor. The reactor model brings forth the coupling between reaction rates, electrical discharge parameters, and fluid flow within the reactor. It was recognized that the electron-impact dissociation of the background gas N2 leads to both ionic and radical product species. In fact, ionic reactions were found responsible for N2O destruction. Radical reactions were dominant in the transformation and destruction of NO and NO2. However, decomposition of N2+ ions also leads to indirect production of N radicals; this appears to be a less-power intensive route for NO destruction though longer residence times may be necessary. In addition, the decomposition of N2+ ions limits the N2O destruction that can be achieved. Comparison with our experimental data, as well as data in the literature, was very encouraging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1675-1684
Number of pages10
JournalFuel
Volume82
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2003

Keywords

  • Electrical discharge
  • NO removal
  • Non-thermal plasma
  • Pulsed corona reactor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

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    Hu, X., Zhang, J-J., Mukhnahallipatna, S., Hamann, J., Biggs, M. J., & Agarwal, P. (2003). Transformations and destruction of nitrogen oxides—NO, NO2 and N2O—in a pulsed corona discharge reactor. Fuel, 82(13), 1675-1684. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-2361(03)00079-6