Trajectory Optimization for a 6 DOF Robotic Arm Based on Reachability Time

Mahmoud A. A. Mousa*, Abdelrahman T. Elgohr, Hatem A. Khater

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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The design of the robotic arm's trajectory is based on inverse kinematics problem solving, with additional refinements of certain criteria. One common design issue is the trajectory optimization of the robotic arm. Due to the difficulty of the work in the past, many of the suggested ways only resulted in a marginal improvement. This paper introduces two approaches to solve the problem of achieving robotic arm trajectory control while maintaining the minimum reachability time. These two approaches are based on rule-based optimization and a genetic algorithm. The way we addressed the problem here is based on the robot’s forward and inverse kinematics and takes into account the minimization of operating time throughout the operation cycle. The proposed techniques were validated, and all recommended criteria were compared on the trajectory optimization of the KUKA KR 4 R600 six-degree-of-freedom robot. As a conclusion, the genetic based algorithm behaves better than the rule-based one in terms of achieving a minimal trip time. We found that solutions generated by the Genetic based algorithm are approximately 3 times faster than the other solutions generated by the rule-based algorithm to the same paths. We argue that as the rule-based algorithm produces its solutions after discovering all the problem’s searching space which is time consuming, and it is not the case as per the genetic based algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-35
Number of pages14
JournalAnnals of Emerging Technologies in Computing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2024


  • 6 DOF Robotic Arm
  • Forward Kinematics
  • Genetic Algorithm
  • Inverse Kinematics
  • Rule-Based Optimization
  • Trajectory Control
  • Trajectory Optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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