Tracking (poly)phenol components from raspberries in ileal fluid

Gordon J. Mcdougall*, Sean Conner, Gema Pereira-Caro, Rocio Gonzalez-Barrio, Emma M. Brown, Susan Verrall, Derek Stewart, Tanya Moffet, Maria Ibars, Roger Lawther, Gloria O'Connor, Ian Rowland, Alan Crozier, Chris I R Gill

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    38 Citations (Scopus)


    The (poly)phenols in ileal fluid after ingestion of raspberries were analyzed by targeted and nontargeted LC-MSn approaches. Targeted approaches identified major anthocyanin and ellagitannin components at varying recoveries and with considerable interindividual variation. Nontargeted LC-MSn analysis using an orbitrap mass spectrometer gave exact mass MS data which were sifted using a software program to select peaks that changed significantly after supplementation. This method confirmed the recovery of the targeted components but also identified novel raspberry-specific metabolites. Some components (including ellagitannin and previously unidentified proanthocyanidin derivatives) may have arisen from raspberry seeds that survived intact in ileal samples. Other components include potential breakdown products of anthocyanins, unidentified components, and phenolic metabolites formed either in the gut epithelia or after absorption into the circulatory system and efflux back into the gut lumen. The possible physiological roles of the ileal metabolites in the large bowel are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)7631-7641
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
    Issue number30
    Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2014


    • bioactivity
    • bioavailability
    • digestion
    • gut health
    • metabolism
    • polyphenols

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
    • General Chemistry


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