A review of existing and developing process tomographic instrumentation suitable for characterising dry and wet particulate systems is presented. Factors governing the selection of sensing techniques appropriate for static and dynamic imaging of a wide range of single and multiphase particulate processes are discussed. The paper presents a systematic comparison of different image reconstruction methods. Examples of existing, developing and proven applications are cited. Future needs and ways in which these needs can be met are suggested, including the use of multi-modality methods in which different types of sensing methods are embodied in a single tomographic instrument.