Tinnitus prevalence in Europe: a multi-country cross-sectional population study

Roshni Biswas, Alessandra Lugo, Michael A. Akeroyd, Winfried Schlee, Silvano Gallus, Deborah Hall

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    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background
    Tinnitus prevalence studies report large variability across countries that might be due to inconsistent research methods. Our study aimed to report a single Pan-European estimate for tinnitus prevalence and investigate the effect of individual and country-level characteristics on prevalence. We explored the relationships of healthcare resource use and hearing difficulty with tinnitus symptoms.

    Methods
    Between 2017-2018, a cross-sectional European Tinnitus Survey (ETS) was conducted in 12 European Union nations (Bulgaria, England, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Portugal, Romania, and Spain), using a standardised set of tinnitus-related questions and response options in country-specific languages. We recruited 11,427 adults aged ≥18 years.

    Findings
    Prevalence of any tinnitus was 14·7% (14·0% in men and 15·2% in women), ranging from 8·7% in Ireland to 28·3% in Bulgaria. Severe tinnitus was found in 1·2% participants (1·0% in men and 1·4% in women), ranging from 0·6% in Ireland to 4·2% in Romania. Tinnitus prevalence significantly increased with increasing age and worsening of hearing status. Healthcare resource use for tinnitus increased with increasing tinnitus symptom severity.

    Interpretation
    This is the first multinational report of Pan-European tinnitus prevalence using standardised questions. The overall prevalence estimates refine previous findings, although widespread inter-country heterogeneity was noted. The results indicate that more than 1 in 7 adults in the EU have tinnitus. Extrapolating to the overall population, approximately 65 million adults in EU28 have tinnitus, 26 million have bothersome tinnitus and 4 million have severe tinnitus.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number100250
    JournalThe Lancet Regional Health - Europe
    Volume12
    Early online date4 Nov 2021
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

    Keywords

    • epidemiology
    • health resources
    • hearing loss
    • survey
    • tinnitus

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health Policy
    • Oncology
    • Internal Medicine

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