Tin indium oxide/graphene nanosheet nanocomposite as an anode material for lithium ion batteries with enhanced lithium storage capacity and rate capability

Hongxun Yang, Taeseup Song, Sangkyu Lee, Hyungkyu Han, Fan Xia, Anitha Devadoss, Wolfgang Sigmund, Ungyu Paik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tin oxide (SnO2) is a promising candidate as an anode for lithium ion batteries because of its high theoretical capacity. However, poor capacity retention caused by large volume changes during cycling, large initial irreversible capacity, and low rate capability frustrate its practical application. We have developed a ternary nanocomposite based on tin indium oxide (SnO2–In2O3) and graphene nanosheet (GNS) synthesized via a facile solvothermal method. The incorporation of In2O3 into SnO2 can improve the electrochemical property of SnO2 and reduce the charge transfer resistance of electrode leading to the enhanced reversible capacity and rate capability. The graphene nanosheet in the composite electrode can accommodate high volume expansion/contraction during cycling resulting in excellent capacity retention. As an anode for lithium ion batteries, the SnO2–In2O3/GNS nanocomposite exhibits a remarkably improved electrochemical performance in terms of lithium storage capacity (962 mAh g−1 at 60 mA g−1 rate), initial coulombic efficiency (57.2%), cycling stability (60.8% capacity retention after 50 cycles), and rate capability (393.25 mAh g−1 at 600 mA g−1 rate after 25 cycles) compared to SnO2/GNS and pure SnO2–In2O3 electrode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-281
Number of pages7
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume91
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2013

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