Signal space method for time-domain characterization of short-pulse networks and antennas is presented and described. The short-duration pulses, which are usually recognized as energy signals, belong to the signal space L 2 (ℜ). By means of the signal space analysis, the Euclid distance on L 2 (ℜ) is related to fidelity and amplitude ratio, and thus can be used for comprehensively characterizing short-duration pulse waveform distortion and amplitude variation, resulting in an overall description of networks and antennas. Three numerical examples, microstrip transmission line, microstrip pulse power divider, and antipodal Vivaldi antenna, are given to demonstrate the usage and significance of this method for characterization of networks and antennas.
Li, S., Yin, X., Wang, L., Zhao, H., Liu, L., & Zhang, M. (2014). Time-domain characterization of short-pulse networks and antennas using signal space method. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 62(4), 1862-1871. https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2014.2298043