Three-Dimensional Image Processing in the Future of Immersive Media

Francesco Isgrò, Emanuele Trucco, Peter Kauff, Oliver Schreer

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


This survey paper discusses the three-dimensional image processing challenges posed by present and future immersive telecommunications, especially immersive video conferencing and television. We introduce the concepts of presence, immersion, and co-presence and discuss their relation to virtual collaborative environments in the context of communications. Several examples are used to illustrate the current state of the art. We highlight the crucial need of real-time, highly realistic video with adaptive view-point for future immersive communications and identify calibration, multiple-view analysis, tracking, and view synthesis as the fundamental image-processing modules addressing such a need. For each topic, we sketch the basic problem and representative solutions from the image processing literature. Computer vision, immersive communications, three-dimensional (3-D) image processing, three-dimensional television (3-D-TV), videoconferencing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-303
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004


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