Three-body bound states in a lattice

Manuel Valiente Cifuentes, David Petrosyan, Alejandro Saenz

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We pursue three-body bound states in a one-dimensional tight-binding lattice described by the Bose-Hubbard model with strong on-site interaction. Apart from the simple strongly bound "trimer" state corresponding to all three particles occupying the same lattice site, we find two novel kinds of weakly bound trimers with energies below and above the continuum of scattering states of a single-particle ("monomer") and a bound-particle pair ("dimer"). The corresponding binding mechanism can be inferred from an effective Hamiltonian in the strong-coupling regime which contains an exchange interaction between the monomer and the dimer. In the limit of very strong on-site interaction, the exchange-bound trimers attain a universal value of the binding energy. These phenomena can be observed with cold atoms in optical lattices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number011601
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jan 2010

Keywords

  • QUANTUM DYNAMICS
  • OPTICAL LATTICES
  • BOSONIC ATOMS
  • TRANSITION
  • SUPERFLUID
  • INSULATOR
  • PAIRS

Cite this

Valiente Cifuentes, M., Petrosyan, D., & Saenz, A. (2010). Three-body bound states in a lattice. Physical Review A, 81(1), [011601]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.81.011601