Thermogravimetric characterisation and kinetic analysis of Nannochloropsis sp. and Tetraselmis sp. microalgae for pyrolysis, combustion and oxy-combustion

Federica Dessi, Mauro Mureddu, Francesca Ferrara, Javier Fermoso, Alessandro Orsini, Aimaro Sanna, Alberto Pettinau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper reports the results of a complete kinetic study, based on thermogravimetric characterisation, to compare the performance of Nannochloropsis sp. and Tetraselmis sp. microalgae during pyrolysis and combustion with air, enriched air and oxygen. The analysis has been carried out including both the single- and multi-step approach studying the effect of different model-free methods and heating rates. In addition, the study brings together the pseudo-components (obtained by peaks deconvolution) model and master plot methodology to discriminate the kinetic model followed by the different processes with the aim to determine the kinetic triplet (activation energy, reaction order and pre-exponential factor). It results that the thermal decomposition of the microalgae cannot be represented by a single reaction mechanism for the whole conversion range, but several parallel decomposition reactions have been taken into account, and the kinetics have been assessed from each decomposition kinetic of the pseudo-components. The kinetic profiles can be interpreted as the combined effects of reaction-order (F), nucleation (A), exponential nucleation (P) and geometrical contraction (R) mechanisms.
Original languageEnglish
Article number119394
JournalEnergy
Volume217
Early online date22 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Kinetic analysis
  • Microalgae
  • Nannochloropsis
  • Tetraselmis
  • Thermogravimetric analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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