Half-Heuslers (HHs) are attracting widespread interest for thermoelectric waste heat recovery. This manuscript extends the known TiCoSb based HH compositions and provides new insight into their high-temperature stability. X-ray powder diffraction revealed an upper solubility limit near x = 0.4 for the Ti1-xVxCoSb1-xSnx series. Rietveld analysis of neutron powder diffraction data indicated that TiCoSb is stoichiometric, and confirmed that V and Sn are successfully co-substituted. Scanning electron microscopy revealed small grain sizes (2 and crystalline CoSb, suggesting that the degradation is driven by exposure to trace amounts of oxygen. The unintentional incorporation of Ta leads to n-type doping and maximum power factors S2/ρ = 0.55 mW m-1 K-2 at 550 K and S2/ρ = 0.8 mW m-1 K-2 at 900 K were observed for TiCoSb and the x = 0.3 sample, respectively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)