The use of vertical radar profiling (VRP) in GPR survey of ancient sedimentary strata

J. K. Pringle, A. R. Westerman, J. D. Clark, J. A. Guest, R. J. Ferguson, A. R. Gardiner

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    11 Citations (Scopus)


    Vertical radar profiling (VRP) is an application of ground penetrating radar (GPR) technologies that can extract important subsurface information from suitable outcrops. Using standard GPR equipment, a site-specific time-depth calibration can be obtained, along with correlation of observed sedimentological horizons exposed on cliff-faces. These horizons may then be correlated with subsurface reflection events imaged on fixed-offset profiles. Summaries of six GPR study sites, where the VRP technique was used, are detailed. Where possible, CMP and VRP velocities have been compared, and show good correlations. Geochemical analysis of selected sedimentary rocks shows that increasing grain size and quartz mineral percentages generally lead to increased GPR velocities. Reflection events tend to be associated with sandstone/shale boundaries.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)225-246
    Number of pages22
    JournalGeological Society Special Publications
    Issue number211
    Publication statusPublished - 2003


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