The Use of Acoustic Emission to Characterize Fracture Behavior During Vickers Indentation of HVOF Thermally Sprayed WC-Co Coatings

N. H. Faisal, J. A. Steel, R. Ahmed, R. L. Reuben

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes how acoustic emission (AE) measurements can be used to supplement the mechanical information available from an indentation test. It examines the extent to which AE data can be used to replace time-consuming surface crack measurement data for the assessment of fracture toughness of brittle materials. AE is known to be sensitive to fracture events and so it was expected that features derived from the AE data may provide information on the processes (microscale and macroscale fracture events and densification) occurring during indentation. AE data were acquired during indentation tests on samples of a WC-12%Co coating of nominal thickness 300 mu m at a variety of indentation loads. The raw AE signals were reduced to three stages and three features per stage, giving nine possible indicators per indentation. Each indicator was compared with the crack profile, measured both conventionally and using a profiling method which gives the total surface crack length around the indent. A selection of the indents was also sectioned in order to make some observations on the subsurface damage. It has been found that reproducible AE signals are generated during indentation involving three distinct stages, associated, respectively, with nonradial cracking, commencement of radial cracking, and continued descent of the indenter. It has been shown that AE can give at least as good a measure of cracking processes during indentation as is possible using crack measurement after indentation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-535
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Thermal Spray Technology
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

Keywords

  • MICROHARDNESS
  • TOUGHNESS EVALUATION
  • acoustic emission
  • surface crack length
  • HVOF
  • RESISTANCE
  • WC-12%Co coating
  • fracture toughness
  • CERMET COATINGS
  • Vickers indentation

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