The types and properties of yeasts and bacteria isolated during a microbiological survey of Lindores Abbey

Anne Elizabeth Hill, Robert Alexander Speers, C. J. Burke

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


    Scotch whisky has a long and rich history and aqua vitae production from malted barley is believed to have first begun at Lindores Abbey, located to the east of Newburgh, Scotland, in the old Kingdom of Fife, in 1494. The purpose of this study was to isolate and identify the indigenous yeast at Lindores Abbey that may be used to recreate a fermentation environment similar to that found during production of the first Scotch. The types of wild bacteria were also surveyed to determine how they could affect malt fermentation behavior. Air and swab samples were collected from three sites around Lindores Abbey using seven different types of media. The yeast and bacterial isolates were recognized by colony and microscopic morphology. Yeast isolates were identified using the API 20C Aux test and by partial 26S ribosomal gene sequencing, whereas representative bacteria colonies were identified by partial 16S ribosomal gene sequencing. Pseudomonas was the only bacteria identified that may affect the flavor of whisky. Two Metschnikowia species of yeast, M. koreensis and M. fructicola, could initiate fermentation, while Debaryomyces hansenii may impart a yeasty or estery flavor. Three strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were capable of growth above 37°C in malt extract broth, with LCBG-3D6 displaying the most promise as a commercial production yeast strain.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014
    Event2014 MBAA Annual Conference - Chicago, United States
    Duration: 5 Jun 20147 Jun 2014


    Conference2014 MBAA Annual Conference
    Country/TerritoryUnited States


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