The pyrolysis of organometallic compounds IV. Kinetic studies of the decomposition of tetramethylsilane

R. P. Clifford, B. G. Gowenlock, C. A F Johnson, J. Stevenson

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Abstract

The pyrolysis of tetramethylsilane has been investigated in a flow system at 810-980°K and 0.1-30 mm. In reaction vessels seasoned by pyrolysis of tetramethylsilane the decomposition is independent of surface to volume ratio and the first-order rate constants may be represented by the equation: log10k(sec-1) = (14.30 ± 0.23) - (67600 ± 800)/(2.303R·T) The major products formed are methane, ethane, trimethylsilane, 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-disilacyclobutane, hexamethyldisilane, and 2,2,4,4-tetramethyl-2,4-disilapentane. A reaction scheme is proposed which invokes the existence of a silicon-carbon p-bonded intermediate. In a reaction vessel seasoned by the pyrolysis of tetramethyltin, the decomposition of tetramethylsilane is heterogeneous, and certain products are obtained which indicate that rapid surface initiated rearrangement reactions are taking place. © 1972.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-61
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Organometallic Chemistry
Volume34
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1972

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    Clifford, R. P., Gowenlock, B. G., Johnson, C. A. F., & Stevenson, J. (1972). The pyrolysis of organometallic compounds IV. Kinetic studies of the decomposition of tetramethylsilane. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, 34(1), 53-61.