The profitability dynamics of Indian firms

Sumit K. Majumdar, Arnab Bhattacharjee

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


    We assess the relative importance of firm and industry effects on corporate profitability in India for a sixteen year period and evaluate the changing balance between these effects as a regime of control and regulation, pre 1985, gave way to partial liberalization between 1985 and 1991 and to more decisive liberalization after 1991. We test the significance of the variance components, the differences between them and their changes over time. We find that firm effects are significant in all periods, when rent seeking opportunities proliferated, as well as when the scope for strategic decisions increased under competition brought about by institutional change. These effects become more pronounced over time. While the industry effect does statistically matter, in general, it is significantly large in the period after comprehensive liberalization, relative to other periods, suggesting that industry choice also matters within competitive markets for firms to enjoy above average profitability.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationDare to Care: Passion and Compassion in Management Practice and Research
    PublisherAcademy of Management
    Number of pages6
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    Event70th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management - Montreal, Canada
    Duration: 6 Aug 201010 Aug 2010


    Conference70th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management


    • firm and industry effects
    • institutional change
    • profitability
    • competitive markets
    • indian firms
    • industry effects
    • rent-seeking
    • strategic decisions
    • Variance components


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