The effects of multiple net confinements on the physiological stress response of the turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) were investigated. To allow for repeated blood sampling from individuals, fish were cannulated in the afferent branchial artery and were exposed to multiple 9 min net confinement episodes separated by either 4 h or 24 h. In fish stressed twice 4 h apart cumulative effects in plasma cortisol, glucose and free fatty acid concentrations were evident after the second handling stress. Although plasma Na+ and Cr- concentrations were not increased further by the second net confinement, the elevation in plasma concentrations were more sustained compared to turbot handled only once. In a second experiment where turbot were net confined five times, with a 24 h recovery period between each net confinement episode, there was no evidence of any physiological accommodation with repeated exposures. For most circulatory parameters, there was also no evidence of any cumulative effect apparent. Plasma glucose concentrations were, however, elevated to a significantly higher degree with repeated net confinements. Although turbot were tolerant to the handling procedures, with no mortalities recorded, episodes of multiple handling of this species should be separated by at least 24 h if cumulative physiological disturbances are to be avoided. The significance of cumulative increases in plasma glucose concentrations is discussed. © 1997 Chapman & Hall.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
- Monovalent ions
- Turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)