In recent years, the realm of terahertz (THz) has seen a new paradigm of unprecedented development and offered new possibilities to strengthen the communication sector by studying the dielectric properties of different materials. The aim of this article is to present a comprehensive review of various THz technologies that have been employed to investigate the intrinsic characteristics of different materials. In addition, the study highlights the significance use of THz wave guides with some discussion on sources, and detectors and components. Towards the end, it highlights the future trends of THz technology and the challenges. The paper concludes that THz technology has a promising potential and offer new opportunities for applications in characterization of composite materials.
- General and interdisciplinary, including biophysics, geophysics and astrophysics
- material properties
- artificial structure