The open XXZ and associated models at q root of unity

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The generalized open XXZ model at $q$ root of unity is considered. We review how associated models, such as the $q$ harmonic oscillator, and the lattice sine-Gordon and Liouville models are obtained. Explicit expressions of the local Hamiltonian of the spin ${1 \over 2}$ XXZ spin chain coupled to dynamical degrees of freedom at the one end of the chain are provided. Furthermore, the boundary non-local charges are given for the lattice sine Gordon model and the $q$ harmonic oscillator with open boundaries. We then identify the spectrum and the corresponding Bethe states, of the XXZ and the q harmonic oscillator in the cyclic representation with special non diagonal boundary conditions. Moreover, the spectrum and Bethe states of the lattice versions of the sine-Gordon and Liouville models with open diagonal boundaries is examined. The role of the conserved quantities (boundary non-local charges) in the derivation of the spectrum is also discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberP09010
JournalJournal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2006


  • hep-th
  • cond-mat.stat-mech
  • nlin.SI


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