The five-membered PRS gene family of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an example of gene duplication allowing the acquisition of novel functions. Each of the five Prs polypeptides is theoretically capable of synthesising PRPP but at least one of the following heterodimers is required for survival: Prs1/Prs3, Prs2/Prs5 and Prs4/Prs5. Prs3 contains a pentameric motif 284KKCPK288 found only in nuclear proteins. Deletion of 284KKCPK288 destabilises the Prs1/Prs3 complex resulting in a cascade of events, including reduction in PRPP synthetase activity and altered cell wall integrity (CWI) as measured by caffeine sensitivity and Rlm1 expression. Prs3 also interacts with the kinetochore-associated protein, Nuf2. Following the possibility of 284KKCPK288-mediated transport of the Prs1/Prs3 complex to the nucleus, it may interact with Nuf2 and phosphorylated Slt2 permitting activation of Rlm1. This scenario explains the breakdown of CWI encountered in mutants lacking PRS3 or deleted for 284KKCPK288. However, removal of NHR1-1 from Prs1 does not disrupt the Prs1/Prs3 interaction as shown by increased PRPP synthetase activity. This is evidence for the separation of the two metabolic functions of the PRPP-synthesising machinery: provision of PRPP and maintenance of CWI and is an example of evolutionary development when multiple copies of a gene were present in the ancestral organism.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- School of Engineering & Physical Sciences - Professor
- School of Engineering & Physical Sciences, Institute of Biological Chemistry, Biophysics and Bioengineering - Professor
Person: Academic (Research & Teaching)