The (mixed) motivations of those engaged in enterprise and experiencing poverty

Isla Kapasi, Rebecca Stirzaker, Laura Galloway, Laura Jackman, Andreea Mihut

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter concerns motivations that inform engagement in enterprise creation and operation by individuals who are experiencing poverty. We present an in-depth, empirical qualitative exploration of motives for enterprise amongst a sample of 42 people in the UK who are experiencing poverty conditions. There are several contributions to knowledge from this research. First, we demonstrate that traditional push-pull thinking about enterprise motivations lacks nuance; notably, that despite the logic of supposing financial motives would be prioritised in a sample characterised by resource deficit, in fact it was not. Second, we map push-pull motivations and their intersection with intrinsic-extrinsic motivations; to our knowledge, this is the first attempt to create and develop such a refined understanding of enterprise motivations. Third, we find that context and circumstances are recurrent factors that reflexively inform the motivations of those who experience poverty and engage in enterprise creation and operation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDisadvantaged Entrepreneurship and the Entrepreneurial Ecosystem
PublisherEmerald Publishing Limited
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020


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