The (mixed) motivations of those engaged in enterprise and experiencing poverty

Isla Kapasi, Rebecca Stirzaker, Laura Galloway, Laura Jackman, Andreea Mihut

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Citations (Scopus)


This chapter evaluates the motivations that inform engagement in enterprise creation and operation by individuals experiencing poverty. An in-depth, empirical qualitative exploration of motives for enterprise amongst a sample of 42 people in the UK who are experiencing poverty conditions is presented. The results demonstrate that traditional push–pull thinking about enterprise motivation lacks nuance, specifically that the financial motive previously assumed to be prioritised in a context of resource deficit, in this research it was not. Second, push–pull motivations and intersections with intrinsic–extrinsic motivations are mapped, creating and developing a more refined understanding of enterprise motivations. Third, contexts and circumstances are recurrent factors reflexively informing motivations of those experiencing poverty and engaging in enterprise creation and operation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDisadvantaged Entrepreneurship and the Entrepreneurial Ecosystem
PublisherEmerald Publishing Limited
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9781800714502
ISBN (Print)9781800714519
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2022

Publication series

NameContemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research
ISSN (Print)2040-7246
ISSN (Electronic)2040-7254


  • Contexts
  • Enterprise creation and operation
  • Finance
  • Intersections
  • Motivations
  • Poverty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management


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