The many sizes and characters of the Blue Economy

Marcello Graziano*, Karen A. Alexander, Scott J. McGrane, Grant J. Allan, Evangelia Lema

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
82 Downloads (Pure)


This article analyses the economic size and resilience of five established definitions of the Blue Economy across two geographical locations: Scotland (UK) and Michigan (USA). The article analyses sector-level employment, labor productivity and Gross Value Added (GVA) data, and uses graphical representations to highlight the differences in conceptualizing the Blue Economy in ways that affect its weight and contribution to regional economies. Further, it analyses how each definition has fared in the post-2007/2011 crisis, assessing their resilience. This novel work tackles the emerging discourse around the Blue Economy by highlighting its regional character, and by problematizing the divergent definitions of the concept.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107419
JournalEcological Economics
Early online date31 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • Blue Economy
  • Employment
  • Regional analysis
  • Wages

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • Economics and Econometrics


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