The Interaction Between Voice and Appearance in the Embodiment of a Robot Tutor

Helen Hastie, Katrin Lohan, Amol Deshmukh, Frank Broz, Ruth Aylett

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)
123 Downloads (Pure)


Robot embodiment is, by its very nature, holistic and understanding how various aspects contribute to the user perception of the robot is non-trivial. A study is presented here that investigates whether there is an interaction effect between voice and other aspects of embodiment, such as movement and appearance, in a pedagogical setting. An on-line study was distributed to children aged 11–17 that uses a modified Godspeed questionnaire. We show an interaction effect between the robot embodiment and voice in terms of perceived lifelikeness of the robot. Politeness is a key strategy used in learning and teaching, and here an effect is also observed for perceived politeness. Interestingly, participants’ overall preference was for embodiment combinations that are deemed polite and more like a teacher, but are not necessarily the most lifelike. From these findings, we are able to inform the design of robotic tutors going forward.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSocial Robotics
Subtitle of host publicationICSR 2017
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9783319700229
ISBN (Print)9783319700212
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2017
Event9th International Conference on Social Robotics - Tsukuba, Japan
Duration: 22 Nov 201724 Nov 2017

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference9th International Conference on Social Robotics
Abbreviated titleICSR 2017
Internet address


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