The increasing importance of Vermamoeba vermiformis

Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui, Zinb Makhlouf, Naveed Ahmed Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Vermamoeba vermiformis are one of the most prevalent free-living amoebae. These amoebae are ubiquitous and also thermotolerant. Of concern, V. vermiformis have been found in hospital water networks. Furthermore, associations between V. vermiformis and pathogenic bacteria have been reported, such as Legionella pneumophila. Moreover, V. vermiformis are well known to host viruses, bacteria, and other microorganisms and cases of keratitis due to V. vermiformis in conjunction with other amoebae have been reported. Despite the preceding, the medical importance of V. vermiformis is still an ongoing discussion and its genome has been only recently sequenced. Herein, we present a review of the current understanding of the biology and pathogenesis pertaining to V. vermiformis, as well as its’ role as an etiological agent and trojan horse. An approach known as theranostics which combines both diagnosis and therapy could be utilized to eradicate and diagnose keratitis cases caused by such amoebae. Given the rise in global warming, it is imperative to investigate these rarely studied amoebae and to understand their importance in human health.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12857
JournalJournal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
Issue number5
Early online date13 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


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